Archive - December 2018

Public sector jobs: The future you might not have thought of
The perfect cover letter can lend you the perfect job
The important qualities of an entrepreneur

Public sector jobs: The future you might not have thought of

The public domain offers a lot of different opportunities for the youth. However, many aren’t aware of the job options they have. And that is one of the primary reason most students miss out on some wonderful opportunities. This article is a great starting point to begin researching how you can work for the country and make the country better.


Indian Administrative Services (IAS)

The Indian Administrative Services are the crème de la crème of civil services in India. Only the best and the brightest are touted to get in. It falls under the combined umbrellas of All India Services. The IAS is inherently neutral and has no party affiliation. Those who want to enter the IAS first appear for the Civil Services Examination. However, the exam is quite tough and the success rate for students is merely 0.01%.


Indian Foreign Services (IFS)

The Indian Foreign Services (IFS) is the second arm of the All India Services. The IFS falls under the diplomatic arm of the government. Candidates must be well-versed with the country’s Foreign policies. Not only abroad, but candidates are also required to maintain foreign relations within India if selected for the IFS. The IFS requires students to pass the Civil Services Examination. It takes about 12 months for the entire selection process including the examination. The success rate for this exam is 0.02%.


Indian Police Services (IPS)

The third and final arm of the All India Services is the Indian Police Services (IPS). The IPS is self-explanatory, but to put it briefly, this is the division through which the union and state governments can choose candidates for the State Police and the Central Armed Police Forces. The Civil Services Examination is necessary for the candidates wanting to get into IPS. Training takes place in Hyderabad.


Indian Revenue Services

The Indian Revenue Services (IRS) falls under the Ministry of Finance. Selection in IRS is done via a three-step process. The first is the Civil Services Exam. Next is another exam and then comes the interview. Clearing these three stages means a candidate is eligible to become a part of any one of the two IRS branches. The IRS is probably the most selective of all the civil services since the success rate is a mere 0.025%.


Public Sector Units (PSU)

Public sector units are state-owned companies. The central, state or union government can own it. The Oil and Natural Gas Corporation, Indian Oil Corporation Limited, Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited, Airports Authority of India, etc. are just some of the well known Public Sector Units where candidates can find jobs based on their educational qualifications. These are considered government jobs.


Defense Services

Defense services in India are very rigorous. The first step is to pass the examinations to enter the National Defense Academy. Each part of the Indian Defense Services holds individual examinations as well. Candidates are often required to pass the written and the physical examination. Only candidates between the ages of 19 to 25 years can appear for the examination. Also, the candidates need to have a bachelor’s degree before appearing for this examination.


Indian Railways

The minimum educational qualification for candidates applying for the Indian Railways jobs is passing the 10th standard examinations. The Railway Recruitment Control Board manages recruitment and jobs for the Indian Railways. There are a total of 21 different Railway boards that govern the railway recruitment for their respective regions. Different types of examinations are conducted for different posts. However, a computer-based examination is conducted for most vacancies. Non-technical positions have a different set of examinations which include positions such as Traffic Assistant, Goods Guard, Assistant Station Master, etc.


Insurance Jobs

Insurance jobs in India for government-owned corporations are extremely location oriented. Candidates can look for vacancies in the Life Insurance Corporation of India and the National Insurance Co. Ltd. The basic requirement to apply includes a bachelor’s degree. There are a lot of perks and benefits associated with this job. You can keep an eye out on insurance vacancies in online portals. Insurance jobs are quite interesting since you deal with a lot of policies, premiums, etc.


Government hospitals

For medical students, jobs in government hospitals are the best option. The primary reason for this is the hands-on experience doctors get in civil hospitals. Each city and town has a government hospital, so there are a lot of openings and opportunities. For non-medical students, the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare has a lot of opportunities. Most students study in government medical colleges and then intern at the hospitals. But for students who study in private colleges, talking to the doctor in-charge is always a great idea.


State Public Service Commission

The State Public Service Commission has one unit in each state. This commission is responsible for conducting Civil Services Examination in each state along with looking after recruitment for various civil services and government sectors. Each state’s Public Service Commission looks after promotions and transfers of officers in the civil services. One needs some experience in the government in order to be put on the commission since it is the state governor who appoints the members. This might not be an immediate option, but definitely a long-term option for anyone working in the public domain.


Government jobs offer the security and financial benefits no other job can. The positions mentioned here are party-neutral. Changes in the ruling party during any elections do not hold any sort of threat to those employed in the civil services. Many government jobs also offer a residence for their officers, so the comfort level is quite high. Therefore, civil services and other public sector jobs do warrant some attention and research. These are viable career choices and you can always talk to your school counselor about further guidance.

The perfect cover letter can lend you the perfect job

A good cover letter is like making a good first impression. This is the first chance for you to make a good impression on the hiring manager. As a potential employee, you want to a make a strong first impression, and your resume is only the tip of the iceberg. A cover letter is more personal and talks more about you and your skills. Here are a few tips to write the perfect cover letter.



Stay away from the cliches

Before you begin writing your cover letter, remember to stay away from generic formats. It is important that your cover letter should reflect you and be as unique as possible. Generic templates that ask you to just fill in the blanks would not do justice. A generic cover letter neither makes a good impression nor makes you stand out as an interesting potential employee.


Contact information

This is the most important part of your cover letter because if they don’t know how to contact you, how will they schedule a potential interview? That aside, the header should include your name, contact information, email address, and a professional title in case you are currently working. Beneath that should be the name of the hiring manager and their job title. All it takes is a little internet sleuthing to find out this information. Make sure to mention the name of the company as well.


Introduce yourself

The first paragraph should be about you. Introduce yourself, tell them what position you are applying for, and how you came to know about this position. The first paragraph is crucial in establishing a base for your candidacy. The next thing to mention in the first paragraph is a brief introduction to your degree, educational background, and a one-liner about how your career goals fit with the company’s goals.


Sell your brand

The current environment is one where you need to create a personal brand and sell that brand to the potential employers to stand out. The second part of the cover letter, the body, should include how and why you are a good fit for this job. Mention relevant work experience, skills or projects you have done in the past that are similar to what the company is looking for. This helps the reader understand how you will fit into the company. To add something extra, you can include insights into the company’s industry and talk about why you would be a good fit in this work environment.


Different than your resume

Remember, you already have a resume. Your cover letter cannot be an explanation of your resume. You need to offer something different in your cover letter. Simply stating where you worked before and your work title is as good as just copy pasting your resume in this format. Explain the skills you picked up, how you learned those skills, etc.


End strong

Always conclude your cover letter strongly. A call-to-action is preferable, wherein you mention how they can get in touch or that you look forward to the in-person interview, etc. Thank them for taking some time out and reading your cover letter. A cover letter is an extension of your resume where you dig deep into the relevant skills. It is not your resume, so read, re-read and edit your cover letter until you are sure it will get you the job.

The important qualities of an entrepreneur

An entrepreneur is a completely different breed. They are often called crazy for taking huge risks and pursuing their passions. However, an entrepreneur is someone who is actually driven to solve a pre-existing problem in the society. An entrepreneur is extremely driven and has a strong belief in his idea. So let’s see what qualities make a good entrepreneur.



First and foremost, an entrepreneur is committed to what they are working on. It might be an idea or a product, or a service, but they will have an unflinching commitment towards making it work. An entrepreneur might come across as overconfident, but it is only their commitment showing through.


Goal-oriented approach

Their approach is always to ensure that they reach the goal in the best possible way. Their goal oriented approach is often the reason behind their success. When one path closes, they seek other paths but remain consistent in wanting to reach their goal.


Hands-on working style

An entrepreneur is always ready to do what it takes to succeed. They are willing to work hard for it and no task is beyond them. From marketing to pitching their business to investors, an entrepreneur will have done it all. This is the reason they have such a versatile set of skills.


Risk Takers

If you are an entrepreneur, you must be willing to take risks. More important than other skills is the ability to take risks. And a good entrepreneur is always a risk taker. Starting a new business or a new venture always takes strength and determination. They take some of the most difficult decisions in order to achieve their goals.



Persistence is an incredible skill because it just doesn’t let you give up. An entrepreneur can’t afford to give up, they have to be persistent if they want to achieve their goals and make themselves successful. And this is a skill that needs to be developed over time, so start early.


Growth & learning

An entrepreneur should always be open to learning new things. Constant growth and learning keep an entrepreneur updated with the latest trends in their industries. An entrepreneur’s journey is unlike that of any other professional because they have to rely on themselves to learn and grow. This makes their journey quite exciting and filled with new things.



Last but not the least; passion is what drives an entrepreneur. Passion is the combination of all the qualities listed above. It is the fuel to an entrepreneur’s goals that drives him to work hard and be determined.


Being an entrepreneur is not easy. One is constantly faced with an uphill battle filled with numerous road bumps. What sets apart an entrepreneur is his ability to overcome these road bumps with confidence. There are also times in an entrepreneur’s journey when he doubts his self-confidence, but the distinguishing quality is his ability to overcome this.

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