The public domain offers a lot of different opportunities for the youth. However, many aren’t aware of the job options they have. And that is one of the primary reason most students miss out on some wonderful opportunities. This article is a great starting point to begin researching how you can work for the country and make the country better.
Indian Administrative Services (IAS)
The Indian Administrative Services are the crème de la crème of civil services in India. Only the best and the brightest are touted to get in. It falls under the combined umbrellas of All India Services. The IAS is inherently neutral and has no party affiliation. Those who want to enter the IAS first appear for the Civil Services Examination. However, the exam is quite tough and the success rate for students is merely 0.01%.
Indian Foreign Services (IFS)
The Indian Foreign Services (IFS) is the second arm of the All India Services. The IFS falls under the diplomatic arm of the government. Candidates must be well-versed with the country’s Foreign policies. Not only abroad, but candidates are also required to maintain foreign relations within India if selected for the IFS. The IFS requires students to pass the Civil Services Examination. It takes about 12 months for the entire selection process including the examination. The success rate for this exam is 0.02%.
Indian Police Services (IPS)
The third and final arm of the All India Services is the Indian Police Services (IPS). The IPS is self-explanatory, but to put it briefly, this is the division through which the union and state governments can choose candidates for the State Police and the Central Armed Police Forces. The Civil Services Examination is necessary for the candidates wanting to get into IPS. Training takes place in Hyderabad.
Indian Revenue Services
The Indian Revenue Services (IRS) falls under the Ministry of Finance. Selection in IRS is done via a three-step process. The first is the Civil Services Exam. Next is another exam and then comes the interview. Clearing these three stages means a candidate is eligible to become a part of any one of the two IRS branches. The IRS is probably the most selective of all the civil services since the success rate is a mere 0.025%.
Public Sector Units (PSU)
Public sector units are state-owned companies. The central, state or union government can own it. The Oil and Natural Gas Corporation, Indian Oil Corporation Limited, Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited, Airports Authority of India, etc. are just some of the well known Public Sector Units where candidates can find jobs based on their educational qualifications. These are considered government jobs.
Defense services in India are very rigorous. The first step is to pass the examinations to enter the National Defense Academy. Each part of the Indian Defense Services holds individual examinations as well. Candidates are often required to pass the written and the physical examination. Only candidates between the ages of 19 to 25 years can appear for the examination. Also, the candidates need to have a bachelor’s degree before appearing for this examination.
The minimum educational qualification for candidates applying for the Indian Railways jobs is passing the 10th standard examinations. The Railway Recruitment Control Board manages recruitment and jobs for the Indian Railways. There are a total of 21 different Railway boards that govern the railway recruitment for their respective regions. Different types of examinations are conducted for different posts. However, a computer-based examination is conducted for most vacancies. Non-technical positions have a different set of examinations which include positions such as Traffic Assistant, Goods Guard, Assistant Station Master, etc.
Insurance jobs in India for government-owned corporations are extremely location oriented. Candidates can look for vacancies in the Life Insurance Corporation of India and the National Insurance Co. Ltd. The basic requirement to apply includes a bachelor’s degree. There are a lot of perks and benefits associated with this job. You can keep an eye out on insurance vacancies in online portals. Insurance jobs are quite interesting since you deal with a lot of policies, premiums, etc.
For medical students, jobs in government hospitals are the best option. The primary reason for this is the hands-on experience doctors get in civil hospitals. Each city and town has a government hospital, so there are a lot of openings and opportunities. For non-medical students, the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare has a lot of opportunities. Most students study in government medical colleges and then intern at the hospitals. But for students who study in private colleges, talking to the doctor in-charge is always a great idea.
State Public Service Commission
The State Public Service Commission has one unit in each state. This commission is responsible for conducting Civil Services Examination in each state along with looking after recruitment for various civil services and government sectors. Each state’s Public Service Commission looks after promotions and transfers of officers in the civil services. One needs some experience in the government in order to be put on the commission since it is the state governor who appoints the members. This might not be an immediate option, but definitely a long-term option for anyone working in the public domain.
Government jobs offer the security and financial benefits no other job can. The positions mentioned here are party-neutral. Changes in the ruling party during any elections do not hold any sort of threat to those employed in the civil services. Many government jobs also offer a residence for their officers, so the comfort level is quite high. Therefore, civil services and other public sector jobs do warrant some attention and research. These are viable career choices and you can always talk to your school counselor about further guidance.