Electrical Engineering vs Mechanical Engineering: Choose Right!

It is irrefutable that engineering is an evergreen field that offers plenty of opportunities for advancement. Therefore, many students are confused between Electrical Engineering vs Mechanical Engineering. Both of these fields are broad categories of engineering. However, deciding which major is right for you is sometimes difficult. In this blog, we will share an insight into how these engineering domains evolve and how you can select an engineering program that suits your skills and interests.

electrical engineering vs mechanical engineering

What is B.Tech. ME (Mechanical Engineering)?

B.Tech. ME (Mechanical Engineering) is a four-year undergraduate program that provides hands-on experience in which students apply physics and mathematics concepts to mechanical systems. You will be involved in designing, producing and enhancing machinery. After graduation, you will be eligible to work in various industries such as computer manufacturing, construction, scientific research and transportation. When discussing Electrical Engineering vs Mechanical Engineering, the mechanical is more about working on physics and mathematics skills. You might be involved in creating machines like:

    1. Heating and cooling devices
    2. Robotics and rechargeable batteries
    3. Medical devices and equipment
    4. Gas turbines
    5. Airplanes
    6. Roller coasters

BTech Mechanical Engineering Course Highlights

Feature Description
Course Name BTech Mechanical Engineering
Course Duration Four years (8 semesters)
Focus Design, analysis, manufacturing, and maintenance of mechanical systems
Coursework Lectures, tutorials, laboratory experiments, workshops, projects
Skill Development Problem-solving, analytical thinking, design thinking, communication, teamwork, software proficiency
Career Paths Design Engineer, Manufacturing Engineer, Project Engineer, Thermal Engineer, Robotics Engineer, CAD Specialist, Research & Development
Eligibility 10+2 Science stream with minimum marks in Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics (varies by institution)
Subjects Engineering Mechanics, Thermodynamics, Fluid Mechanics, Machine Design, Material Science, Manufacturing Processes, Control Engineering, Mechatronics (representative list)
Fees (INR) INR50,000 - INR7,00,000 (government institutions), INR3,00,000 - INR15,00,000 (private institutions)
Selection Process Entrance exams (JEE Main, JEE Advanced, etc.), followed by counselling for seat allotment (may vary by institution)

What is B.Tech. EE (Electrical Engineering)?

B.Tech. EE (Electrical Engineering) is a four-year undergraduate program focusing on designing electrical systems and technology. You must work on electrical circuits and power sources to create and enhance existing devices. After graduation, you will be eligible to work for businesses and industries in technology, communications, construction, and manufacturing. If we talk about electrical engineering vs mechanical engineering, electrical engineering focuses on electrical concepts in designing and creating new products. You will create and enhance devices like:

  1. Navigation systems
  2. Broadcast systems
  3. Electric motors
  4. Generators
  5. Public Utilities

BTech Electrical Engineering Course Highlights

Feature Description
Course Name BTech Electrical Engineering (or BTech EEE)
Course Duration Four years (8 semesters)
Focus Study and application of electricity, electronics, and electromagnetism for designing and maintaining electrical and electronic equipment
Coursework Engineering fundamentals (mechanics, materials), Electrical circuits and devices, Power systems and generation, Electronics and control systems, Computer programming and applications, Engineering mathematics and physics
Skill Development Analytical and problem-solving skills, Design and development skills, Circuit analysis and troubleshooting, Communication and teamwork, Computer-aided design (CAD)
Career Paths Power generation and transmission, Electronics design and manufacturing, Automation and control systems, Robotics and embedded systems, Research and development
Eligibility 10+2 with Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics (minimum marks required vary by institution)
Subjects (indicative) Engineering Graphics, Engineering Mechanics, Electrical Machines, Circuit Theory, Power Systems, Digital Electronics, Control Systems, Microprocessors
Fees (INR) Varies depending on the institution (typically between 3 lakhs and 10 lakhs per year)
Selection Process Entrance exams (JEE Main, state-level engineering exams) followed by counselling for admission

Difference Between Electrical Engineering vs Mechanical Engineering

Electrical Engineering vs Mechanical Engineering are both fascinating and important fields, but they focus on different aspects of how things work. Here's a breakdown of the key differences:


  1. Mechanical Engineering: Deals with physical forces, motion, and the design of mechanical systems. Imagine the gears, levers, and engines that make things move. Mechanical engineers bring these components together to create functional machines.
  2. Electrical Engineering: Deals with electricity, electronics, and electromagnetism. Electrical engineers design and develop electricity systems, from power grids to computer chips. They're the wizards behind the flow of electrons that power our world.


  1. Mechanical Engineering: Courses include mechanics, dynamics, thermodynamics, materials science, and computer-aided design (CAD).
  2. Electrical Engineering: Courses cover circuits, electronics, electromagnetism, control systems, and signal processing.


  1. Mechanical Engineering: From robots and prosthetics to cars, aeroplanes, and spacecraft, mechanical engineers design the physical components that make these marvels of motion work.
  2. Electrical Engineering: Electrical engineers are behind everything from smartphones and power plants to medical imaging equipment and wireless communication systems.

Overlap and Teamwork:

There's a significant overlap between the two fields, especially in today's world. Many machines combine mechanical and electrical components. Mechanical engineers might rely on electrical engineers to design their machines' control systems and vice versa. They often work together on projects.

Choosing Between Them:

Here’s a tip for choosing between Electrical Engineering vs Mechanical Engineering. Mechanical engineering might be a good fit if you enjoy working with physical objects and figuring out how things move. Electrical engineering could be your calling if you're fascinated by electronics and the invisible world of electricity.

Electrical Engineering vs Mechanical Engineering Syllabus: A Focus Breakdown

Both Electrical Engineering vs Mechanical Engineering curriculums will have some overlap in fundamental math and science courses, but their core specialisations diverge. Here's a breakdown of the focus in each syllabus:

Electrical Engineering:

  1. Circuits and Devices: This forms the foundation, with courses in circuit analysis (DC and AC), digital electronics (logic gates, transistors), and electronic devices (semiconductors, amplifiers).
  2. Electromagnetism: Understanding electrical and magnetic fields is crucial, with courses covering Maxwell's equations, electromagnetic waves, and transmission lines.
  3. Power Systems: This field focuses on the generation, transmission, and distribution of electrical power, including power plants, grids, and power electronics.
  4. Control Systems: Deals with designing systems that regulate behaviour, with courses in feedback control, robotics, and mechatronics (combining electrical and mechanical systems).
  5. Signals and Systems: Analyzes how signals (electrical or electronic) behave in systems, with courses on signal processing, communication systems, and computer engineering basics.

Mechanical Engineering:

  1. Mechanics: This core area covers statics, dynamics, mechanics of materials (strength, deformation), and kinematics (motion analysis).
  2. Thermodynamics: This field deals with energy conversion (heat, work), and courses include power cycles, fluid mechanics, and heat transfer.
  3. Machine Design: This program focuses on designing and analysing machines, with courses on mechanisms, linkages, bearings, and machine elements.
  4. Manufacturing Processes: This section explores how components are made, including machining, casting, welding, and computer-aided manufacturing (CAM).
  5. Control Systems: Similar to electrical engineering, but with a mechanical focus on controlling physical systems (robots, actuators, feedback loops).


Both fields share foundational courses in:

  1. Calculus
  2. Physics (especially mechanics and electricity)
  3. Engineering mathematics (linear algebra, differential equations)

Some programs might offer electives, allowing students to explore other disciplines.

Electrical Engineering vs Mechanical Engineering: Career Opportunities

Both electrical engineering and mechanical engineering offer a wide range of career opportunities! Here's a breakdown to help you see which might be a better fit:

Electrical Engineering

    1. Focuses on Electricity, electronics, circuits, power systems, and electromagnetism.
    2. Typical tasks: Design, develop, test, and oversee the production of electrical equipment. This could involve anything from tiny microchips in your phone to massive power grids for entire cities.

Career Opportunities:

    1. Power Systems Engineer
    2. Robotics Engineer
    3. Telecommunications Engineer
    4. Computer Hardware Engineer
    5. Control Systems Engineer

Mechanical Engineering

    1. It focuses on motion, forces, energy, and the design of physical objects and machines.
    2. Typical tasks: Design, develop, analyse, and manufacture mechanical systems. This could include robots, cars, aeroplanes, medical devices, and heating/cooling systems.

Career Opportunities:

    1. Robotics Engineer (can overlap with electrical)
    2. Automotive Engineer
    3. Aerospace Engineer
    4. Manufacturing Engineer
    5. Mechatronics Engineer (combines mechanical and electrical)

Things to Consider

    1. Interests: Do you love tinkering with electronics or designing physical objects?
    2. Skills: Are you strong in math and physics, with an aptitude for computer programming (electrical) or mechanics (mechanical)?
    3. Overlap: There's a growing area of mechatronics that blends both disciplines!


    1. Both fields are in high demand, with excellent job growth projected.
    2. Both offer opportunities to work on innovative technologies that shape our world.
    3. Both require strong analytical and problem-solving skills.

Ultimately, the best choice depends on your interests and strengths. If you're still unsure, consider talking to engineers in both fields or researching specific career paths that pique your curiosity.

How do you know if Electrical Engineering vs Mechanical Engineering is the right career for you?

If you are interested in electrical engineering, you will need strong mathematical skills and knowledge of computer programs to analyse data and write specialised software. You will be required to work on projects related to research and development, manufacturing, engineering service or even telecommunications. Your job will be mainly in the office, but you may be required to visit sites to troubleshoot problems. 

Mechanical engineering is perfect if you are curious about how things work, such as cars, media devices, or even robotics. You need a desire to solve problems, and an interest in trigonometry and calculus is beneficial. Your job will be limited to the office, but you must visit worksites to fix problems. As a mechanical engineer, you must work in manufacturing, research & development and other engineering fields. If you like working with materials and machines, studying mechanical engineering will suit you.

You must have now decided between electrical engineering vs mechanical engineering. Electrical engineering and mechanical engineering are two different streams with no overlap. So, the choice between the two is easy. Admissions are open at CGC Jhanjeri for both disciplines. Chandigarh Group of Colleges has the best infrastructure in Tricity and an excellent placement record. You can secure your seat today by filling out the application form on their official website or visiting their admissions office.